NSO report shows 40% of children are not fully vaccinated in the country.
- The National Statistical Organisation (NSO) report released ‘Health in India’ report.
- According to the report, children in India are vaccinated against tuberculosis and receive their birth dose of polio vaccine.
- But, two out five children do not complete their immunisation programme.
- In the national capital, only less than half of the children received all eight vaccines.
- The NSO report is based on the 75th round of National Sample Survey from July 2017- 2018 on household social consumption related to health.
- The NSO report shows that only 59.2% of children under five years are fully immunised.
Doses of Vaccine
- Children in our country receive eight doses of vaccines in the first year of life to immunise them against eight diseases.
- Across the country, 97% of the children received only one vaccine which is BCG or the first dose of OPV at birth.
- Children protected against measles is only 67%, polio booster dose 58%, DPT booster dose 54%.
- The highest immunisation across the states are Manipur- 75%, Andhra Pradesh- 73.6%, Mizoram- 73.4%.
- The low rate of immunisation states are Nagaland- 12%, Puducherry 34%, Tripura 39.6%.
Universal Immunisation Programme
- Launched in the year 1985, Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) is a vaccination program.
- Under the programme, children are vaccinated against 12 diseases – tuberculosis, measles, diphtheria, polio, tetanus, hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis, rubella, diarrhoea, pneumonia, meningitis, pneumococcal pneumonia, and whooping cough.