NSO Report on Vaccination

In News

NSO report shows 40% of children are not fully vaccinated in the country.

In-Detail

  • The National Statistical Organisation (NSO) report released ‘Health in India’ report.
  • According to the report, children in India are vaccinated against tuberculosis and receive their birth dose of polio vaccine.
  • But, two out five children do not complete their immunisation programme.
  • In the national capital, only less than half of the children received all eight vaccines.
  • The NSO report is based on the 75th round of National Sample Survey from July 2017- 2018 on household social consumption related to health.
  • The NSO report shows that only 59.2% of children under five years are fully immunised.

Doses of Vaccine

  • Children in our country receive eight doses of vaccines in the first year of life to immunise them against eight diseases.
  • Across the country, 97% of the children received only one vaccine which is BCG or the first dose of OPV at birth.
  • Children protected against measles is only 67%, polio booster dose 58%, DPT booster dose 54%.
  • The highest immunisation across the states are Manipur- 75%, Andhra Pradesh- 73.6%, Mizoram- 73.4%.
  • The low rate of immunisation states are Nagaland- 12%, Puducherry 34%, Tripura 39.6%.

Universal Immunisation Programme

  • Launched in the year 1985, Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) is a vaccination program.
  • Under the programme, children are vaccinated against 12 diseases – tuberculosis, measles, diphtheria, polio, tetanus, hepatitis B, Japanese encephalitis, rubella, diarrhoea, pneumonia, meningitis, pneumococcal pneumonia, and whooping cough.
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