CoWIN Repurposed for Universal Immunisation Program:

  • CoWIN is currently being repurposed for the universal immunisation program  (UIP). It will bring the ease of discovery of vaccination centres/camps and reminders for subsequent vaccinations for preventable diseases for mothers and the newly  born.

CoWIN Platform:

  • CoWIN (Covid Vaccine Intelligence Work) is the Indian government’s web portal to register for COVID-19 vaccination. It displays slots of COVID-19 vaccine available in the nearby areas and can be booked on the website.
    • It is a secure and trustworthy proof helped people establish when, where and by whom they had been vaccinated.
    • CoWIN is a cloud-based IT solution for planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of Covid-19 vaccination in India.
    • This allows the system to monitor the utilisation, wastage, coverage of Covid-19 vaccination at national, state, district and sub-district level.
    • CoWIN system tracks on a real time basis the vaccination drive in India.
    • The portal also provides vaccination certificates in digital format
    • CoWIN is essentially an extension of eVIN (Electronic Vaccine Intelligence Network).

Universal Immunisation Programme:

  • Immunization Programme in India was introduced in 1978 as ‘Expanded Programme of Immunization’ (EPI) by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of

India. In 1985, the programme was modified as ‘Universal Immunization Programme’ (UIP) to be implemented in phased manner to cover all districts in the country by 1989- 90 with the one of largest health programme in the world.

  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India provides several

vaccines to infants, children and pregnant women through the Universal Immunisation Programme.

About immunization:

  • Immunization is the process whereby a person is made immune or resistant to an infectious disease, typically by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccines are substances that stimulate the body’s own immune system to protect the person against subsequent infection or disease.

Vaccines provided under UIP:


  • About-BCG stands for Bacillus Calmette-Guerin vaccine. It is given to infants to protect them from tubercular meningitis and disseminated TB.
    • When to give – BCG vaccine is given at birth or as early as possible till 1year of
    • Route and site- BCG is given as intradermal injection in left upper arm.


  • About-OPV stands for Oral Polio Vaccine. It protects children from poliomylitis.

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