Going Beyond Toilets SBA To Take Up Waste Management

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

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In its next phase, the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) is looking to go beyond constructing toilets and includes solid and liquid waste management to measure cleanliness in rural areas through Swachh Survekshan (Rural) 2019 survey.


  • The SBA will kick off its new phase called ODF+ (Open Defecation Free Plus) which includes solid and liquid waste management.
  • In Swachh Survekshan2019 survey it has included the prevalence of plastic waste and water logging as indicators of cleanliness for rural areas.


  • SBA was launched on Gandhi Jayanti in 2014.
  • Ever since its launch, the main focus of the programme was on eliminating open defecation by constructing toilets and promoting their usage across the country. 
  • It is one of the biggest behavioural change programme.
  • According to government data, the programme has almost achieved its goal and is now moving to the next phase – ODF+.


  • It has four main verticals – Solid waste management divided into biodegradable waste and plastic waste, liquid waste management divided into grey water or kitchen waste water and faecal waste.
  • The government is working out specific protocols in managing plastic waste and waste water in villages.
  • The protocol for plastic waste management might include banning single use plastic, collecting and sorting waste at the block level, sending waste plastic for recycling or baled and shredded, using plastic in cement plants and brick kilns, etc.

Swachh Survekshan2019

  • The survey will cover 18000 sample villages which is approximately 30% of rural districts and take feedback from 2.5 crore villagers.
  • 35% of the ranking of the district is based on citizen feedback.
  • 30% weightage is given to direct observation by surveyors from third party Ipsos. They will look into plastic waste management, waste water management and availability of toilets.
  • 35% weightage is for service-level progress of the original Swachh Bharat Mission.

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