FSSAI Limits Trans Fat Levels in Food

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FSSAI capped the limit for trans fat levels in foods.


  • The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) slashes the limit for trans fat levels in food.
  • FASSI has capped the number of trans fatty acids (TFA) in oils and fats to 3% for 2021 and 2% by 2022.
  • The current permissible limit is 5% and is done through an amendment to the Food Safety and Standards Prohibition and Restriction on Sales Regulations.
  • The amendment was notified by FSSAI on December 29.
  • The revised regulations are for edible refined oils, Vanaspati which is partially hydrogenated oils, margarine, bakery shortenings and other cooking mediums like vegetable fat spreads and mixed fat spreads.
  • Trans Fats are linked with an increased risk of heart attacks and death from coronary heart diseases.
  • According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), globally, every year, 5.4 lakh deaths take place due to the intake of industrially-produced trans-fatty acids.
  • The WHO called for the global elimination of trans fat by 2023.
  • The FSSAI rule came at the time of pandemic where there was an increase in cardiovascular diseases along with diabetes in COVID-19 patients.
  • In 2011, India first passed a regulation that set a TFA limit of 10% in oils and fats, and 2015 further reduced it to 5%.

What Are Trans fats?

  • Industrially-produced trans fats are notoriously harmful to health.
  • Found in almost all processed food, these fats are the major reason for cardiovascular diseases.
  • Over the years, due to strict regulations from the governments, trans fats usage has been reduced considerably.
  • Trans fats, in essence, are unsaturated fats. 
  • Though found naturally in meat and milk, natural trans fats do not harm health.
  • It is the industrially-produced trans fats in the form of Vanaspathi, vegetable oils and others, are harmful to health.
  • Consuming trans fats significantly increases the concentration of bad cholesterol (LDL) thereby leading to the blockage of coronary arteries and heart stroke.
  • Though human studies are inconclusive, trans fats can cause insulin resistance and thereby diabetes.
  • The change of trans fat limits by FSSAI thus augurs well for the health of the residents of the country.
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