A New Science and Technology Policy Is In The Making

In News

The government proposed a new Science and Technology Policy.

In-Detail

  • The government proposed an open science policy, to make scientific knowledge and data available to all in the draft New Science and Technology Policy.
  • This will ensure that all the results and information generated by publicly funded research is freely accessible to everyone.
  • The government will buy all the bulk subscriptions of all important scientific journals across the world.
  • ●        Access to these journals will be made free to everyone.
  • The proposals have been made in the Science, Technology and Innovation policy.
  • The policy of ‘One Nation One Subscription’ for scientific journals will be a game-changer for the scientific community and researchers.
  • The policy is aimed to buy access between 3,000 and 4,000 high-impact scientific journals.
  • The government will spend Rs. 2, 000 crores to Rs. 3,000 crore on the bulk subscriptions every year.
  • This is the first transformational move in the world towards making scientific knowledge available to all.
  • The policy also proposes proactive steps to improve the quality of Indian journals and efforts to prevent the publication of fake documents.
  • Libraries belonging to all the publicly funded institutions are proposed to make accessible to the general public with reasonable security protocols.
  • This policy will replace the STI policy of 2013 to achieve technology self-reliance.
  • This policy will help India to be among the top three scientific powerhouses of the world.
  • The government and private expenditure on research and development will double every five years.
  • The policy will emphasize promoting the goals of Atmanirbhar Bharat.
  • It proposes to adopt ‘indigenous development of technology as well as technology indigenization.
  • The policy says infrastructure can boost the local R&D capabilities.
  • It can also reduce the imports in domestic sectors such as electronic hardware for railways, home appliances, transport, defense, cleantech, and in strategic sectors such as building a robust semiconductor ecosystem, etc.
  • The policy also proposes for the establishment of a Strategic Technology Board which will bridge all strategic government departments and monitor and recommend technologies/

One Nation One Subscription

  • This is proposed as part of a new Open Science Framework.
  • This will provide free access to scientific data for all.
  • The Ministry of Science and Technology proposed to set up Science, Technology and Innovation Observatory.
  • This will serve as the central repository of all kinds of data generated from scientific research in the country.
  • Under FAIR Terms- Fair, Accessible, Interoperable, and Reusable, all data and information related to research would be freely accessible.
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