India’s ambitious second mission to Moon, Chandrayaan-2, is set to be launched between July 9-16.
- The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is gearing up to launch its second mission to Moon.
- The Chandrayaan-2 mission will consist of 14 scientific payloads including a lunar lander.
- The spacecraft weighs 3,800 kg.
- It consists of an orbiter, that orbits the moon at 100km from the surface.
- The orbiter will collect scientific information such as the mineral composition of the moon, the lunar topography, elemental abundance, composition of the lunar exosphere, presence of hydroxyl and water ice.
- Vikram – is a five-legged lander that will descend onto the moon’s surface.
- Pragyan – is a robotic rover will probe the lunar terrain and conduct in situ experiments.
- As per ISRO, the orbiter consists of eight payloads, Lander – 4 and Rover – 2.
- The landing site chosen by ISRO is in the south pole of the moon which was hitherto unexplored by any spacefaring nation so far.
- The Chandrayaan-2 will be lifted on GSLV MkIII, ISRO’s heavy lifter.
- If India manages to land the rover on to the surface of the moon, it will become the fourth nation to do so. The other countries are – US, USSR, and China.
The previous mission Chandrayaan-1, launched in October 2008, was a successful mission. Presence of water ice on the surface of the Moon was determined by this mission.
- ISRO SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHES MICROSAT-R
- ISRO SET TO START WORK ON GAGANYAAN
- GSLV CONTINUATION PROGRAMME
GSLV Mk III
- It is a three-stage rocket.
- The first stage is the S-200 solid rocket booster.
- The second stage is the L110. It is a liquid profusion system that carries liquid fuel.
- The third stage is C25 with CE-20 cryogenic engine.
- The launch vehicle can carry a payload of 4000kg to Geosynchronous Transit Orbit (GTO) and 8000kg to Low Earth Orbit (LEO).
- It will also be used to launch Gaganyaan – India’s first crewed spacecraft.
Source of Info: www.isro.gov.in/gslv-mk-iii-chandrayaan-2-mission