Some Important Bills Passed By The Parliament

Surrogacy and Transgender Bills

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A slew of Bills were passed by the Parliament that would bring profound changes.

The National Medical Commission Bill

  • The Bill passed by both the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha will repeal the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
  • The Bill aims to overhaul medical education in the country and free the country of corruption ridden Indian Medical Council.
  • In its place, the National Medical Commission will be setup to regulate medical education in the country.
  • As per the bill, the passing out exam of MBBS in the final year will be considered as the entrance test for post graduation and a screening test for those who graduated in medicine from foreign countries. The test will be known as the National Exit Test (NEXT).
  • This exit exam will be implemented in three years and till the NEET will continue.
  • One of the provision that is under fire from the medical fraternity is about limited practice licence. This has the potential to encourage quackery, the fraternity believes.
  • This was also opposed by the members from the opposition, who said issuing licences to 3.5 lakh unqualified non-medical persons to practice medicine will turn 70 per cent of the population into guinea pigs.

The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill

  • The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2019 gave clarity over the distribution of proceeds of the auction of loan defaulting companies.
  • It gave the power to decide on the distribution of proceeds to the Committee of Creditors of the loan defaulting company.
  • The bill also fixed a timeline of 330 days to resolve a cases referred to the IBC. This period includes litigation stages and judicial processes.
  • The resolution plan thus approved is binding on the central and state governments and other statutory authorities that are involved.

POCSO (Amendment) Bill

  • The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019, which was passed by Parliament has stringent provisions for sexual offences against children.
  • It provides death penalty for aggravated sexual assault on children.
  • The bill provides stringent punishment for those involved in child pornography with a maximum jail term of 5 years for first offence. For subsequent offences the jail term is seven years along with a fine.
  • The Bill also clearly defines child pornography which fills a major lacunae in bringing offenders to book.

Conclusion

These are some of the significant bills that have been passed in the ongoing Parliament session which has been productive at passing crucial bills.

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