School Education Reform Project

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The Union Cabinet has approved school education reform project.


  • This project is partially funded by the World Bank and is named as STARS.
  • The agenda of the project is to govern the school education, improve data and assessment systems at the national level. Improve teaching and learning outcomes in 6 states, early childhood and vocational education.
  • The project includes an emergency response component.
  • This helps the government respond to disaster situations which leads to loss of education and closure of schools.

STARS Project

  • TheSTARS project is known as the Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for Stars.
  • The total project cost is of Rs 5,718 crore, partially supported by World Bank amounting to about Rs 3,700 crore ($500 million).
  • STARS will be a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and the Department of School Education and Literacy will be the implementing agency.
  • The establishment ofPARAKH as a National Assessment Centre is the major component of the project.
  • PARAKH includes Performance, Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development.
  • PARAKH is an autonomous institution under the Union Education Ministry which is included in the National Education Policy 2020.
  • This institution will set norms for student assessment and evaluation for all school boards.
  • At the State level, the project seeks to improve education outcomes and school-to-work strategies.
  • The project will cover Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Odisha.
  • TheAsian Development Bank will cover Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Uttarakhand, Assam and Jharkhand.
  • The vision of the project is to monitor and measure activities in the Indian School Education System.
  • The STARS project includes a Contingency Emergency Response Component (CERC) alerting disasters. This will help in the re-categorization of financing and the utilization of streamlined financing request procedures.

Two Major Components

  • The STARS project has two major components- national level and state level.
    • At National Level:
      • At the national level, the project will support all states and UTs.
      • To strengthen MOEs national data systems which include capturing robust and authentic data on transition, retention and completion rates of the students.
      • To support MOEs in improving the PGI scores.
      • To strengthen the learning assessment systems.
    • At the State Level:
      • To strengthen Early Childhood Education.
      • Strengthening classroom instructions and improving learning assessment systems.
      • To improve service delivery, management of Governance and Decentralization.
      • Strengthening Vocational Education.
  • The project focuses on initiatives under the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan like the PM e-Vidya, Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission and National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework.

Outcomes of the Project

  • To increase minimum proficiency in grade 3 language in selected states.
  • Improvement in secondary school completion rate.
  • Improvement in governance index scores.
  • To strengthen learning assessment systems.
  • Partnership between states to facilitate cross-learning.
  • Improvement in state level service delivery.
  • Training of BRCs and CRCs for decentralized management.
  • Strengthening management by training Head Teachers and Principals for improved education delivery.
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