Plasmodium Ovale – A New Malaria Type Identified

In News

Plasmodium Ovale, a type of malaria has been identified in a jawan in Kerala.


  • Plasmodium Ovale, a type of malaria has been identified in jawan in Kerala.
  • The soldier contracted during his posting in Sudan and returned a year back.
  • Plasmodium Ovale is endemic.

Types of Malaria

  • The main cause of malaria is the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito when it is infected with the malaria parasite.
  • There are different types of malaria parasites which include Plasmodium falciparum, plasmodium vivax, plasmodium ovale, plasmodium malariae, and plasmodium knowlesi.
  • The most common type of malaria is caused by plasmodium vivax.
  • In 2019, in India, there are 1.57 malaria cases.
  • The high burden cases were recorded in the states Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Meghalaya, and Madhya Pradesh.
  • Out of the total malaria cases, 1.1 lakh cases (70%) were cases of falciparum malaria.
  • In 2018, the National Vector-borne Disease Control Programme (NVBDCP) recorded 5 lakh people suffered from malaria where 63% were from plasmodium falciparum.
  • According to the World Malaria Report 2020, India dropped from about 20 million in 2000 to about 5.6 million in 2019.

Plasmodium Ovale

  • Plasmodium Ovale rarely causes severe illness.
  • It is similar to Plasmodium vivax and is not a killer.
  • The symptoms include 48 hours of fever, nausea, and headache.
  • The treatment is similar to a person who is infected with Plasmodium vivax.
  • The 20% of parasites cells are oval shapes and thus is termed as Ovale.

Cases in India

  • According to the National Institute of Malaria Research (NIMR), the case in Kerala is an isolated one and there is no local transmission.
  • Previously, isolated cases were reported in Gujarat, Kolkata, Odisha, and Delhi.
  • Researchers did a rapid antigen test to detect the strain and diagnosed Plasmodium Ovale.
  • The parasite may remain in the liver or spleen of the body for a longer time.

Around the World

  • Plasmodium Ovale the cause of malaria is endemic to tropical Western Africa only.
  • According to the NIMR, Plasmodium ovale is unusual outside of Africa but when found comprises less than 1%.
  • P ovale also been detected in the Philippines, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea.
  • In the China-Myanmar border, the plasmodium ovale and plasmodium malariae have low prevalence.
  • ●        In China’s Jiangsu Province, malaria cases decrease significantly over 2011-2014 but there was an increase in Plasmodium ovale and plasmodium malariae cases.
About Classic IAS Academy 480 Articles
Classic IAS Academy is at the forefront of providing best IAS coaching in delhi, India. The Academy helps the aspirants to tap their innate analytical power to become successful in the exam.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply