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One Rank One Pension (OROP) scheme

  • The scheme promises equal pension to military personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service, regardless of the date of retirement.

  • The scheme is effective July 1, 2014, with 2013 as the base year.

  • Only those who retired before the plan kicked in would be entitled to OROP.

  • The estimated cost to exchequer is expected to be Rs.8,000 to 10,000 crore and will increase in future.

  • The government has proposed a review every five years.


North East Rural Livelihood Project (NERLP)

  • It is a central Sector scheme externally aided by World Bank and implemented in four North Eastern States namely Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and Tripura.

  • The objective is to improve livelihoods of the poor especially that of women and the disadvantaged people in the project area.

  • The identification of Districts for the project was done by the State Governments based on social and economic backwardness.

Desired Outcomes –

  • Making the SHGs promoted and supported by the project sustainable,

  • Increasing the income level of the members of the SHGs (at least 60% of them) and disadvantaged households by 30% in real term.

  • Providing jobs or self-employment to the unemployed youths through various skill trainings, entrepreneurship development trainings, vocational trainings and management development trainings.


Jalmani Programme

  • This programme is launched to provide value and quality addition to the on-going Rural Drinking Water Supply Programme to mainly address the water quality in rural areas.

  • It involves installation of Stand Alone Purification System in rural Schools.

  • It is implemented by the State Governments through the Gram Panchayat/Village Water and Sanitation Committees/Self Help Groups.

Swachh Bharat Kosh (SBK)

  • It is been set up to attract Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funds from Corporate Sector and contributions from individuals and philanthropists to achieve the objective of Clean India by the year 2019.


GraminKrishiMausamSeva (GKMS)

  • The scheme is implemented by India Meteorological Department in collaboration with State Agricultural Universities /Indian Council of Agricultural Research etc.

  • It issues crop and location specific weather based agro advisories for the benefit of farming community.

  • The Agro-meteorological Advisory Services (AAS) under the GKMS is operated to prepare biweekly weather based bulletins.

  • The information is transmitted through multimedia channels and SMS to help farmers plan farm operations accordingly.


Digital India

  • It is a programme to transform India into digital empowered society and knowledge economy.

  • The scheme is coordinated by the department of Electronics and IT and implemented by all government departments.

  • The scheme is to be monitored by a Digital India committee comprised of several ministers.

  • The programme will be implemented in phases from the current year till 2018.

  • Digital India has three core components. These includes

1. The creation of digital infrastructure,

2. Delivering services digitally,

3. Digital literacy

  • 9 Key points of Digital India Programme are

1. Universal Access to Phones

2. Broadband Highways

3. Public Internet Access Programme

4. E-Governance – Reforming government through Technology

5. E-Kranti – Electronic delivery of services

6. Information for All

7. Electronics Manufacturing – Target NET ZERO Imports

8. IT for Jobs

9. Early Harvest Programmes

  • It is an umbrella programme which includes the hitherto National Optical Fiber Network(NOFN) to connect 2, 50,000gram Panchayats by providing internet connectivity to all citizens.

  • Digital India includes development of an electronic development fund and envisages Net-Zero Electronics Import Target by 2020.

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

  • It is the new scheme to make rural households digitally literate by 2019.

  • This scheme is initiated under Digital India Programme and expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programs in the world.

  • It would empower the citizens by providing them access to information, knowledge and skills for operating computers/digital access devices.


National Action Plan on Climate Change

  • National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) is a comprehensive action plan which outlines measures on climate change related adaptation and mitigation while simultaneously advancing development.

  • It effectively pulls together a number of the government’s existing national plans on water,renewable energy, energy efficiency agriculture and others and bundled with additional ones into a set of eight missions.

  • The Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change is in charge of the overall implementation of the plan.

Eight Core Missions of NAPCC

  • National Solar Mission – It has a goal of increasing production of photo-voltaic to 1000MW/year; and a goal of deploying at least 1000 MW of solar thermal power generation.

  • National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency

  • National Mission on Sustainable Habitat

  • National Water Mission – the plan sets a goal of a 20% improvement in water use efficiency through pricing and other measures.

  • National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem

  • National Mission for a “Green India”: Goals include the afforestation of 6 million hectares of degraded forest lands and expanding forest cover from 23% to 33% of India’s territory.

  • National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.

  • National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change

National Mission for Green India

  • It aims at protecting; restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cover and responding to climate change by a combination of adaptation and mitigation measures.

Mission Goals –

  • To increase forest/tree cover to the extent of 5 million hectares (mha) and improve quality of forest/tree cover on another 5 mha of forest/non-forest lands,

  • To improve/enhance eco-system services like carbon sequestration and storage, hydrological services, biodiversity and provisioning services like fuel, fodder, and timber and non-timber forest produces (NTFPs),

  • To increase forest based livelihood income of about 3 million households.

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

  • It seeks to transform Indian agriculture into a climate resilient production system through suitable adaptation and mitigation measures in domains of both crops and animal husbandry.

Features –

  • Promotes location specific integrated/Composite Farming Systems;

  • Conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures;

  • Adopt comprehensive soil health management practices;

  • Optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving ‘more crop per drop;

  • Develop capacity of farmers & stakeholders.

Classic IAS Academy: –

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