Launch of Earth Observation Satellite

In News

The successful launch of Earth Observation Satellite.

In-Detail

  • ISRO had successful launched the Earth Observation Satellite EOS-1.
  • A total of 10 satellites including nine foreign satellites were launched by PSLV-C49.
  • EOS-01 along with 9 customer satellites were placed in the 575 Km orbit.
  • The satellite commenced operating its function along with the deployment of solar panels.
  • Due to COVID-19, ISRO implemented precautions by maintaining social distance and scientists wearing masks.
  • ISRO arranged for the live telecast of the launch through various platforms.
  • The rocket launch took place at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh.
  • The rocket launch took place at the first launch pad of SDSC at 3.12 pm at the end of the 26-hour countdown.
  • It is the 51st flight with the four-stage 44.5 meters tall PSLV-C49.
  • The launch was originally scheduled for 3.02 pm but delayed due to debris on the path of the rocket and weather conditions.
  • The PSLV C-49 rocket first injected the primary satellite EOS-01 into orbit.
  • All the 10 satellites were separated and placed into desired orbits.

EOS-01 Applications

  • The applications of EOS-01 are in agriculture, forestry, and disaster management support.
  • Of the nine foreign satellites four are from the USA, four from Luxembourg and one from Lithuania.
  • The international customer satellites were launched under the arrangement with the NewSpace India Limited (NSIL).

Uses of Earth Observation Satellites

  • Agricultural Crops Inventory
  • Water Resources Information System
  • Ground Water Prospects
  • Forest Working Plans
  • Biodiversity and Coral Mapping
  • Potential Fishing Zones
  • Ocean State Forecasts
  • Rural Development
  • Urban Development
  • Monitoring of Glacial Lakes and Water Bodies
  • Location based Services using NavIC constellation
  • Cyclone and Floods Mapping & Monitoring
  • Landslide Mapping & Monitoring
  • Agricultural Drought
  • Forest Fire monitoring
  • Earthquakes
  • Extreme Weather Monitoring
  • Experimental Forecasts

NewSpace India Limited

  • The NewSpace India Limited was established in the year 2019 under the administrative head of the Department of Space.
  • The NSIL is a Public Sector Enterprise that was created with an objective to increase industry participation in the Indian space program.
  • The business areas of NSIL are:
  • To promote industry participation in the production of PSLV and small satellite launch vehicles catering to the growing demand for such vehicles in the international market.
  • Producing and marketing space-based services such as launch services, leasing of transponders, mission monitoring services, etc.
  • Building small satellites and Earth observation satellites as per client’s requirements.
  • Acting as the nodal agency for the transfer of technology developed by ISRO and its units.
  • Marketing spinoff technologies from products and services developed by ISRO.
  • Providing consultancy services.
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