Free Food Grain Scheme

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Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the free grain distribution scheme.


  • Under the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana (PMGKAY), the free grain distribution scheme was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • The free food grain scheme will be extended by five monthstill the end of November.
  • An additional outlay of Rs. 90,000 cr will benefit 80 cr people.
  • Under this scheme, 5 kg of free rice or wheat and 1kg of whole Channa for each family will be provided.

Distribution of Food Grains

  • Wheat/Rice
    • By various states and union territories, between April and June a total of 116.34 LMT food grains has been lifted.
    • For April month, 37.06 LMT, 93% of food grains were distributed to 74.12 crore beneficiaries.
    • For May month, 36.83 LMT, 91% of food grains were distributed to 73.66 crore beneficiaries.
    • For June month, 29.64 LMT, 74% of food grains were distributed to 59.29 crore beneficiaries.
    • The 100% financial burden of Rs. 46,000 is been bared by the Government of India.
    • Wheat is allocated to states-Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Chandigarh, Delhi and Gujarat and rice to the remain states.
  • Pulses
    • The total pulses requirement for the months April-June was estimated at 5.87 LMT.
    • Under this scheme, the Government of India is bearing 100% financial burden of approximately Rs. 5000 crore.
    • To states and union territories 5.79 LMT has been dispatched and 5.59 LMT has been reached and 4.47 pulses have been distributed.
    • A total of 8.76 LMT pulses was available in the stock till 18-06-2020 include- Toor 3.77 LMT, Moong 1.14LMT, Urad 2.28 LMT, Chana 1.30 LMT, Masur 0.27 LMT.

Food Grain Distribution to Migrant Labourers

  • Under the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Package, 8LMT of food grains will be provided to about 8 crore migrant labourers, stranded and needy families, who are not covered under the NFSA or State scheme PDS cards.
  • The state and union territories had lifted 6.39 LMT of food grains.
  • To 121 lakh beneficiaries, 1,06,141 LMT of food grains has distributed in May and 91.29 lakh beneficiaries in June.
  • For 1.96 crore migrant families, 39,000 MT pulses have been approved.
  • For 8 crore migrant workers, 1kg of dal per family for May and June.
  • Under this scheme, the government of India is bearing 100% financial burden of approximately Rs. 3,109 crores for food grains and Rs. 280 crores for the gram.
  • The total food grains procured, wheat- 388.81 LMT (RMS 2020-21), rice 746.05 LMT (KMS 2020-21).
  • During the lockdown period, through OMSS 5.73 LMT wheat and 10.12 LMT rice was sold by FCI.
  • One Nation One Card Scheme is enabled in 20 states and union territories on 01 June 2020 and by 31st March 2020 remaining states will be added.
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