UPSC Syllabus : Election Commission of India
The Election Commission of India (ECI) said in the Supreme Court on Thursday that it would defer by-elections to 15 Karnataka Assembly constituencies till the court finally decided the petitions of the MLAs who represented these constituencies until they were disqualified by Speaker K.R. Ramesh Kumar under the anti-defection law.
UPSC Syllabus : International Relations
The meeting comes at a difficult time in the relationship between the two countries. India has stopped orders for Iranian oil since May 2 following U.S. sanctions that kicked in last November, after it Washington pulled out of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) , an international deal to limit Iran’s nuclear program. India was one of the countries that was given an exemption from these sanctions until early May.
UPSC Syllabus : Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister
A report by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights earlier this year found that children in Kashmir, many of whose ages were wrongly recorded, were being detained and mistreated for several days in police lock-up, without any charge, mostly under the Public Safety Act (PSA), which allows preventive detention for up to two years without any trial. The report found that the Armed Forces Special Powers Act remained a key obstacle to accountability.
4. A climate emergency (GS-3)
UPSC Syllabus : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Global warming will drastically affect agriculture — the production of rice, wheat, maize and soya will decrease significantly. Apart from malnutrition, climate change will give birth to newer infections and illness. This imbalance will in turn affect the economy which will lead to conflict, war and global unrest. Global warming is already melting the polar ice caps. If this continues, sea levels will rise and submerge coastal cities. These natural disasters will make millions of people climate refugees.
UPSC Syllabus : Indian Economy; Banking
An internal working group, formed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to review the current liquidity management framework, has suggested that the framework should be guided by the objective of maintaining the target rate — that is, the rate in the inter-bank market for reserves — close to the policy rate.
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