UPSC Syllabus : : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
Industrial coal use fell dramatically in 2017 because of a slowdown in the construction sector and bounced back in 2018. “The combined total of coal sales from state-owned mines to consumers outside the power sector and imports of coking coal and coke fell 14% in 2017 and rose 15% in 2018. But it increased by just 3% in the first eight months of 2019,” the analysis noted.
UPSC Syllabus : Laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
One of the important regulations proposed is that foods high in fat, salt and sugar (HFSS) cannot be sold to children in school canteens/mess premises/hostel kitchens or within 50 m of the school campus.
3. ‘Indian lungs under extreme stress’ (GS-2)
UPSC Syllabus : Health
According to World Health Organisation, acute respiratory infection is a serious ailment that prevents normal breathing function and kills an estimated 2.6 million children annually every year worldwide. Indians face the double burden of heavy air pollution in addition to the high rate of ARI which hits children the hardest, said experts here.
4. Safe, for now: On India opting out of RCEP : (GS-3)
UPSC Syllabus : Economic Development; Trade
According to a paper published by NITI Aayog, India has a bilateral trade deficit with most of the member countries of RCEP. More importantly, while exports to RCEP countries account for just 15% of India’s total exports, imports from RCEP countries make up 35% of the country’s total imports. Given this, it is obvious that in the immediate context the country had more to lose than gain from joining RCEP.
5. What makes doing business easier : GS-2
UPSC Syllabus : : Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth
News of a continuing improvement in India’s ranking according to the World Bank’s ‘Ease-of-doing-business’ Index appears to have come in handy for a government otherwise beleaguered by seemingly endless bad news on the economic front.
6. Back to the blackboard: On NEET crisis: (GS-2)
UPSC Syllabus : Issues relating to development and management of Human Resources.
The Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) in Delhi, which provides for a ratcheting slew of measures — from stopping construction work to halting private vehicles — isn’t effective when air quality reaches its nadir. It recommends action only after pollutants soar. A Task Force — which comprises top officials of Delhi and the Centre — advises the Environmental Pollution Control Authority, which is in charge of enforcing the GRAP. Rarely does it recommend tough pre-emptive action and when it does, there’s no real pressure on municipal bodies and police to ensure that polluters are punished..
7. A victory for the dairy sector: (GS-3)
UPSC Syllabus : Economic Development; International Trade
The key fear of the dairy sector was that tariff clauses for agriculture in the RCEP are much more severe compared to the existing World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement. While the WTO allows a country to fix tariffs up to a certain maximum, or bound tariff, for a given commodity line, the RCEP binds countries to reduce that level to zero within the next 15 years. Currently, India’s average bound tariff for dairy products is about 63.8% while its average applied tariff is 34.8%.
8. A dismal record of divide and quit: CASAT-1
9. U.S. begins formal pullout from Paris deal: CSAT-1
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