1. Fossils show Kutch desert was once a forest CAST-1 and GS-3
UPSC Mains Syllabus : GS-2 Right to Privacy; GS-3 Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites; fake news
2. Content management GS-3
UPSC Mains Syllabus: Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges
Key Note :Technology companies that use end to end encryption have pleaded inability to open a back door for identifying originators. The issue concerns the global policy of these companies as well as the wider public interest of millions of registered users. After the K.S. Puttaswamy decision (2017) in the ‘privacy’ case, any state intervention in the regulation of online content has to pass the test of proportionality laid down by the court.
It will be desirable if courts do not impart needless urgency to the process of introducing a balanced regulatory regime to curb content that promotes undesirable activities such as child pornography, sectarian conflict and mob violence, without affecting individual privacy. The balance must be right between protecting privacy and allowing the state leeway to curb crime.
3. Crisis in Rome : (GS-2)
UPSC Mains Syllabus : Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India's interests, Indian Diaspora.
4. State-breaking is not nation making : (GS-2)
UPSC Mains Syllabus: Issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure; Central State Relation.
Prelims 2020 :Some examples were the Nagas and the Bodos in India, the Chechens in Russia, separatist movements in Azerbaijan (Nagorno Karabakh) and Moldova (Trans Dniester), Baluchistan in Pakistan, West Papua in Indonesia, the Oromos and the Somalis in the Ethiopia Somali region, the Kurds in Turkey, Sudan, the Tamils in Sri Lanka, South Ossetia and Abkhazia in Georgia, and the rise of protest politics in the Kashmir Valley. Regional elites in Canada, the United Kingdom and Europe, such as Quebec, Scotland, Catalonia, the Basque country and Corsica continue to demand independence, off and on.
On balance, scholars agreed that federalism is the best answer to the question of co existence.
UPSC Mains Syllabus : Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
6. The risks of legalising cannabis : (GS-2)
UPSC Mains Syllabus : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health.
7. SEBI simplifies norms for foreign investors : (GS-2) and (GS-3)
UPSC Mains Syllabus : Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies; FPI
8. Trump snubs Denmark over Greenland : (GS-2)
UPSC Mains Syllabus : Regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests
Prelims 2020 : Greenland, which is gaining attention from world powers, including China, Russia and the U.S., due to its strategic location and mineral wealth, is selfgoverning but underdeveloped and relies on Denmark for economic support.
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