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Must Read Daily Newspaper Articles - 21st August 2019

1. Aadhaar-social media link: SC concerned over misuse of web (GS-2)

UPSC Mains Syllabus : GS-2 Right to Privacy; GS-3 Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites; fake news

2. NRC is an internal matter, Jaishankar tells Bangladesh : (GS-2)

UPSC Mains Syllabus : India and its neighborhood-relations.

Key Note :“We agreed that the safe, speedy and sustainable return of displaced persons is in the national interest of all the three countries — Bangladesh, Myanmar and India. And we reaffirm our readiness to provide more assistance to the displaced in Bangladesh and to improve socio-economic conditions in Rakhine State."

3. Trump calls : (GS-2)

UPSC Mains Syllabus : India and its neighborhood-relations.

Key Note :“The U.S. is no longer swayed by Pakistan’s argument that the ‘road to peace in Afghanistan runs through Kashmir’, but it is certainly conscious of Islamabad’s proclivity to mischief, most evidently by supporting terror groups launched into Afghanistan and Kashmir."

India’s position that Kashmir is strictly an internal matter can be reinforced only by holding its citizens close and reassured. New Delhi’s dealings with J&K must be becoming of the world’s largest democrac

4. Free fall : (GS-2)

UPSC Mains Syllabus : Regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India's interests.

Key Note :The government in Kabul, backed by the U.S. and the international community, is fighting to preserve the existing system, which despite its faults, at least offers a semblance of democracy. But the government is a failure in ensuring safety and security of the people. The Taliban, which controls the mountainous hinterlands, wants to expand its reach to the urban centres.

The IS, which has declared a province (Khorasan) in eastern Afghanistan’s Nangarhar, has emerged as the third player. Attacks against civilians, especially the Shia minority, is the central part of its brutal military tactics. Afghanistan’s Hazara Shias were the target of the wedding hall bombing as well. The IS, which released a video of the purported bomber, a Pakistani, said he attacked “polytheistic rejectionists”, as the group calls Shia Muslims.

5. Choppy waters lie ahead : (GS-3)

UPSC Mains Syllabus : Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

Key Note :Pakistan will almost certainly intensify terror attacks and whip­up local sentiments inside Kashmir. China, which is already concerned about a “rising nationalist India”, is likely to adopt more insidious tactics, aimed at weakening India’s influence across the region. Buoyed by the fact that it possesses one of the most powerful militaries in the world and with growing acceptance of the Belt and Road Initiative, China can be expected to raise the ante on both the border and in the Indian Ocean region.

6. A top post, its promise and peril (GS-3)

UPSC Mains Syllabus : Security and Disaster Management; Defence.

Key Note :The government need not go with the seniority rule and should instead consider a “deep selection” from current pool of flag officers. To begin with, and to assuage the fears of the smaller services, it may be wise to not let an Army officer to first tenet this post. Moreover, it is not necessary, or perhaps even desirable, for a former service chief to be appointed as the CDS.

As a fulcrum for future defence transformation and armed with a possible mandate to examine inter­services prioritisation, long­term planning, officer education (including the perennially­imminent Indian National Defence University) and jointness, the CDS can emerge as the biggest “game changer”. But if the services have their way then this will be just another gloried post, without much effective powers.

7. The monk who shaped India’s secularism (GS-4)

UPSC Mains Syllabus : Human Values-lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders.

Key Note :Indian secularism has always attempted, however imperfectly, to respect the credo of sarva dharma sama bhava (all religions lead to the same goal), which translates to an equal respect for all religions.

Vivekananda emphasised that India needed to trade Indian spirituality for the West’s material and modern culture and was firmly behind India’s scientific modernisation. He supported Jagadish Chandra Bose’s scientific projects. In fact, Vivekananda’s American disciple Sara Bull helped patent Bose’s discoveries in the U.S. He also invited Irish teacher Margaret Noble, whom he rechristened ‘Sister Nivedita’, to help uplift the condition of Indian women. When she inaugurated a girls’ school in Calcutta, Vivekananda even requested his friends to send their girls to this school.

8. IS is regaining strength in Iraq and Syria : (GS-3)

UPSC Mains Syllabus : Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.

Key Note Map.

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