UPSC Syllabus : Transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures
Right to Information is act of the Parliament of India to provide for setting out the practical regime of the right to information for citizens and replaces the erstwhile Freedom of information Act, 2002..
UPSC Syllabus : Bio-diversity and Climate Change
Clean Development Mechanism : The CDM is one of the Flexible Mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol (IPCC, 2007) that provides for emissions reduction projects which generate Certified Emission Reduction units which may be traded in emissions trading schemes.
UN Environment Programme : : The UNEP is the leading global environmental authority. It sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development within the United Nations system, and serves as an authoritative advocate for the global environment.
Emissions Gap Report-2019 : The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Emissions Gap Report-2019 warns that the Earth’s average temperature may rise by 3.2 degrees Celsius by 2100. Moreover, despite all scientific warnings and political commitments emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) couldn’t decrease globally.
The report was released prior to United Nations Climate Conference (COP-25) to be held in Spain from 2 December 2019. It states that GHG emissions have increased by 1.5% since last decade and that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions have reached an all-time high figure of 55.3 gigatons.
Also, UNEP report highlights that India is regularly considering deadlines and targets to curb carbon emission.
As per the report, India’s per capita emission is one of the lowest within G20 countries. Also, India is one of the leading countries that are looking for electric vehicle development.
UPSC Syllabus : Right to privacy
India’s efforts to protect the personal data of its citizens fall short of privacy requirements
4. Citizenship Act rules get ready CSAT-1
The Union Home Ministry on Monday said no migrant from the six nonMuslim communities from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh “will become an Indian citizen automatically”.
A migrant should apply online and the competent authority would see whether he or she fulfilled all the qualifications for registration or naturalisation as an Indian citizen, a senior Ministry official said
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