1. Android vulnerable to cyberattack: MHA: (GS-3)
UPSC Syllabus : Basics of cyber security
- The Union Home Ministry has sent an alert to all States warning them about the vulnerability of the Android operating system to a bug called StrandHogg that allows real-time malware applications to pose as genuine applications and access user data of all kind.
- The StrandHogg bug enables malware to pose as any legitimate Android app, letting attackers track messages, photos, credentials, and phone conversations.
2. No deal as longest climate talks end in Madrid:
UPSC Syllabus : General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change
- Marathon international climate talks ended on Sunday with major polluters resisting calls to ramp up efforts to keep global warming at bay and negotiators postponing the regulation of global carbon markets until next year.
- The Paris accord established the common goal of avoiding a temperature increase of more than 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit) by the end of the century. So far, the world is on course for a 3- to 4-degree Celsius rise, with potentially dramatic consequences for many countries, including rising sea levels and fiercer storms.
- The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).Under this agreement, the countries will aim to keep global temperatures from rising more than 2°C (3.6°F) by 2100 with an ideal target of keeping temperature rise below 1.5°C (2.7°F).
- It is the world’s first comprehensive climate agreement.
- Both developed and developing countries were parties to Kyoto Protocol but developing countries were not mandated to reduce their emissions. This means that while Paris Agreement is legally binding to all parties, Kyoto Protocol was not.
- Paris Agreement was reached on the twenty-first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) and the eleventh session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP).
- Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC):
- India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)
3. The distinct cry of an imperilled frontier (GS-1)
UPSC Syllabus : Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
4. Many mutinies: On protests against amended citizenship law (GS-1)
UPSC Syllabus : Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India