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Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS)

  • ICDS is a centrally sponsored scheme implemented by state governments and unionterritories.

  • It aims at providing supplementary nutrition, immunization and pre-school educationto the children.

  • Objectives – To prevent and reduce young child under-nutrition (% underweight children0-3 years) by 10 percentage points, enhance early development and learning outcomes inall children 0-6 years of age, improve care and nutrition of girls and women and reduceAnaemia prevalence in young children, girls and women by one fifth by the end of 12thfive year plan.

  • Beneficiaries – Children in the age group of 0-6 years, Pregnant women and Lactatingmothers.

  • Services under ICDS – It offers a package of six services such as Supplementary Nutrition,Pre-school non-formal education, Nutrition & health education, Immunization, Healthcheck-up and Referral services.

  • The services are offered at Anganwadi Centres through Anganwadi Workers (AWWs) andAnganwadi Helpers (AWHS) at grassroots level.

  • All components of ICDS except Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP) are financedthrough a 60:40 ratio(central: state).

  • The Supplementary Nutrition Programme (SNP)component was funded through a 50:50 ratio. The North East states have a 90:10 ratio.

SABLA – Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls

  • SABLA is a centrally sponsored scheme to empower adolescent girls of 11-18 years andit is implemented through the State Governments/UTs.

  • Objectives: Enable the adolescent girls for self-development and empowerment, Improvetheir nutrition and health status, Promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition,adolescent reproductive and sexual health (arsh) and family and child care and to educate,skill and make them ready for life’s challenges.

  • It provides an integrated package of services such as

  1. Nutrition provision

  2. Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation

  3. Health check-up and Referral services

  4. Nutrition & Health Education (NHE)

  5. Counselling/Guidance on family welfare, Adolescent Reproductive and SexualHealth (ARSH) , child care practices and home management

  6. Life Skill Education and accessing public services

  7. Vocational training for girls aged 16 and above under National Skill Development Program (NSDP)

  • All Components except nutrition provision will get 100% financial assistance from theCentral Government. The nutrition provision will be funded by Central government upto the extent of 50%.

SAKSHAM – Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Boys

  • It aims holistic development of Adolescent Boys, on the pattern of SABLA.

  • It would aim at the all-round development of Adolescent Boys to make them self-reliant,gender-sensitive and aware citizens, when they grow up.

  • The scheme will focus on all Adolescent Boys between 11 to 18 years and will primarilyfocus on out-of-school boys.

  • The main objectives of SAKSHAM includes

  1. To make the Adolescent Boys gender sensitive, self-development and empowerment.

  2. To address the health needs i.e. the physical, mental and emotional health of Abs.

  3. To create sensitized Ahimsa Messengers to address Violence against Women.

  4. To provide relevant information and vocational skills through National SkillDevelopment Program (NSDP) for future work-participation.

  5. To promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition and Adolescent Reproductive& Sexual Health (ARSH) and family and child care.

  6. The scheme will utilize the structures made under ICDS (Integrated Child DevelopmentServices Scheme).

  • The Anganwadicenters are the central points to deliver the services, and if the Anganwadiinfrastructure is inadequate, it will be provided by the local Panchayat or MunicipalCommittee.


  • This scheme is a redesign of the already existing Adolescent Girls (AG) Scheme beingimplemented as a component under the centrally sponsored Integrated Child DevelopmentServices (ICDS) Scheme.

BetiBachaoBetiPadhao Scheme (BBBPS)

  • The scheme is launched to address the issue of decline in CSR in 100 gender criticaldistricts and to provide convergent efforts to ensure survival, protection and educationof the girl child.

  • The objectives of the Scheme are

1. Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination

2. Ensure survival & protection of the girl child

3. Ensure education of the girl child

  • The initiative has two major components,

  1. Mass Communication Campaign

  2. Multi-sectoral action in 100 selected districts (as a pilot) with adverseCSR, covering all States and UTs

  • It involves coordinated efforts from Ministry of WCD, Ministry of Health and Family Welfareand Ministry of HRD.

Digital GuddaGuddi Board

  • It is a platform for dissemination of Information, Education and Communication (IEC)Material on BBBP, to update monthly birth statistics.

  • The digital board displays audio video material as well as still frames for disseminatinginformation and is being displayed at important state offices.


  • It is launched as a part of the ‘BetiBachaoBetiPadhao’ campaign.

  • It is a small deposit scheme for girl child to motivate parents to open an account in thename of a girl child and for her welfare to deposit maximum of their savings.

  • The account can be opened at any time from the birth of a girl child till she attains theage of 10 years in any post office or authorized branches of commercial banks.

  • A minimum of Rs. 1000 and maximum of Rs. 1.5 lakh can be deposited during a financialyear and fetch an interest rate of 9.1 % and provide income tax rebate.

  • The account will get matured in 21 years from the date of opening of account or marriageof the girl child after attaining 18 years of age.

  • Partial Withdrawal for girl child education can be done when she cleared 10th class orturned 18 years.

  • 100% of the amount can be withdrawn after girl child turns 18 is allowed and the provisionof not allowing the withdrawal till the age of 18 is to prevent early marriage.


  • It is comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of Trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation andRe-Integration of Victims of Trafficking for Commercial Sexual Exploitation.

  • The Objectives of the Schemes –To prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitationthrough social mobilization and involvement of local communities, awareness generationprogrammes, etc.

  • To facilitate rescue of victims from the place of their exploitation and place them in safecustody.

  • To provide rehabilitation services.

  • To facilitate reintegration of the victims into the family and society at large.

  • To facilitate repatriation of cross-border victims to their country of origin.


  • It caters to primary needs of women in difficult circumstances.

  • This is a Central sector scheme for integrated services to women in difficult circumstances

  • Like destitute widows, women prisoners released from jail and without family support,women survivors of natural disasters, trafficked women/girls, mentally challengedwomen etc.

  • The package of services include provision for food, clothing, shelter, health care,counselling and legal support, social and economic rehabilitation through education, awareness generation , skill up gradation.

Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP).

  • It is a ‘Central Sector Scheme’ that aims to provide skills that give employability to womenand to provide competencies and skill that enable women to become self-employed/entrepreneurs.

  • The Scheme is intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years and aboveacross the country.

  • The grant under the Scheme is given to an institution/ organization including NGOsdirectly and not the States/ UTs.

  • The assistance will be available in any sector for imparting skills related to employabilityand entrepreneurship.

National Mission for Empowerment Of Women (NMEW)/ Mission Poorna Shakti

  • It aims to achieve holistic empowerment of women through convergence of schemes/programmes of different Ministries/Department of Government of India as well as StateGovernments.

Nari Shakti Puraskar

  • It is an award conferred on eminent women, organization and institutions renderingdistinguished service to the cause of women especially belonging to the vulnerable andmarginalized sections of the society on the occasion of International Women’s Day (IWD).

Mahila E-Haat

  • It is an initiative for meeting aspirations and needs of women.

  • It is a bilingual portal provides unique direct online marketing platform leveragingtechnology for supporting women entrepreneurs/SHGs/ NGOs for showcasing theirproducts / services.

Dhanalakshmi Scheme

  • The objective of the scheme is to provide a set of financial incentives for families toencourage them to retain a girl child, educate her and prevent child marriage.

  • The scheme provides for cash transfers to the family of the girl child on fulfilling certainspecific conditions like immunization, enrolment and retention in school, insurance coveretc.

Maternity Benefit Programme

  • Since 2005, JSY pays Rs.1,400 to poor women who deliver in a hospital, for the first twodeliveries.

  • National Food Security Act (2013) mandated the payment of no less than Rs.6,000 to allpregnant women, irrespective of their income status.

  • So the Ministry has formulated Indira Gandhi MatritvaSahyogYojana.

  • It was implemented using the platform of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)Scheme and in selected 53 districts across the country.

  • MBP is the Pan-India Expansion of Indira Gandhi MatritvaSahyogYojana.

  • The Scheme provides cash incentives to pregnant and lactating women.

  1. for the wage loss so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery;

  2. to improve her health and nutrition during the period of pregnancy and lactation;

  3. To breastfeed the child during the first six months of the birth, this is very vital for the development of the child.

  • All Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM), excluding those in regularemployment with the Government or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefitsunder any law for the time being is eligible.

  • The cash incentive is payable in three instalments for the first two live births in threestages.

  • The cash transfer would be Aadhaar linked through the individual bank/post officeaccount etc. in DBT mode.

  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and the cost sharing between Centre and States is60:40 for all the States and UTs (with legislature), 90:10 for NER and Himalayan Statesand 100% GoI share for UTs without legislatures.


  • The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development haslaunched Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses (POCSO) e-box.

  • (POCSO), e-Box, is an online complaint management system for easy and direct reporting of sexual offences against children and timely action against the offenders under the POCSO Act, 2012.

  • The e-Box is incorporated in the home page of National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) website.

  • NCPCR has been conferred the Skoch Silver and Skoch Order-of Merit award for POCSO e-Box.

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