The Royal commission on the Superior Civil Services in India under chairmanship of Lord Lee, Which submitted its report in 1924, recommended the setting up of the Public Service Commission. This led to the establishment of the first Public Service Commission on October 1, 1926 under the chairmanship of Sir Ross Barker. The Limited advisory function accorded to the Public Service Commission and continued stress on this aspect by the leader of our freedom movement resulted in the setting up of a Federal Public Service Commission under the Government of India Act, 1935. The Federal Public Service Commission became the Union Public Services Commission after Independence and it was give a constitutional status with the promulgation of constitution of India on January 26, 1950.
Earlier separate exams were conducted for various Civil Services. The combined entrance for the all the Civil Services and system of preliminary examination was introduced in 1979
The Civil Services examination is conducted by the UPSC in three stages:-
- Civil Services Preliminary Examination-CSP (Normally held in mid of May every year)
Note : CSAT (Civil Services Aptitude Test) may introduced from 2011 as PMO approved it.
- Civil Services MAIN Examination-CSM (held in Oct-Nov every year)
- Personality Test (held in Mar-Apr every year)
Note : Candidates who have passed Civil Services Preliminary Examination will be Eligible to appear in mains Examinations